Common Dental Problems

dental

Dental challenges are prevalent. Most people will experience a dental problem at some point in their lives. Tooth decay, gum disease, and cavities are the most common dental challenges. Left untreated, these problems can lead to more severe health issues like infection and tooth loss. Whenever you experience a dental problem, it is vital to see a dentist as soon as possible to get the problem treated. Or else the problem will only get worse.

There are many different types of dental challenges. Some are more serious than others. Here is a list of the most common dental challenges:

Tooth Decay

Also referred to as dental caries, tooth decay is the most common dental problem. It is caused by bacteria in your mouth that produces acids that eat away at your tooth enamel. Tooth decay can lead to cavities, which are holes in your teeth. If left untreated, tooth decay can cause severe infection and tooth loss. Dental caries symptoms include toothache, sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures, visible holes or pits in your teeth, pain when biting or chewing, and bad breath.

If you think you might have tooth decay, it is crucial to see a dentist as soon as possible. A dentist can diagnose dental caries and provide treatment to prevent the problem from worsening. The treatments include fillings, crowns, and root canals.

Gum Disease

Gum disease, also referred to as gingivitis, is another common dental problem. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of food and bacteria that forms on your teeth. Common signs and symptoms include:

-Swollen, red, or bleeding gums

-Receding gums

-Bad breath

-Loose teeth

-Sensitive teeth

When you skip brushing and flossing your teeth, the plaque can harden and turn into tartar. A dentist can only remove Tartar. It is thus vital to brush and floss your teeth regularly. If you have gum disease, a dentist can provide treatment to prevent the problem from worsening. The treatments include scaling and root planing, deep cleaning of your teeth, and gum surgery.

Periodontitis

When severe, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease. Periodontitis occurs when the gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces called pockets. These pockets become filled with plaque and tartar, which can cause the teeth to become loose. Periodontitis can eventually lead to tooth loss. Signs and symptoms of periodontitis include:

-Swollen, red, or bleeding gums

-Receding gums

-Persistent bad breath

-Loose teeth

-Change in bite

What is worse is that this condition can lead to other health problems such as stroke and heart disease. Get a dental checkup at least once a year to ensure that you do not have periodontitis.

Bad breath

Halitosis, or bad breath, is another common dental problem. It can be caused by different things such as food, tobacco use, poor oral hygiene, and certain medical conditions. Bad breath is embarrassing and can also be a sign of a more serious dental problem. If you have bad breath, see a dentist find out the cause and get treatment. Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and improving oral hygiene, can help eliminate bad breath.

Sensitive teeth

There is nothing as painful as sensitive teeth. Sensitive teeth can be caused by different things such as tooth decay, gingivitis, wearing away of tooth enamel, and exposed roots. The symptoms include the inability to eat or drink hot or cold foods and drinks and pain when brushing or flossing your teeth. In addition to avoiding hot and cold foods and drinks, you can also use toothpaste for sensitive teeth. See a dentist if the problem persists.

Broken or cracked teeth

Another common dental problem is broken or cracked teeth. Teeth can be broken or cracked by biting on hard objects, using your teeth to open things, and trauma. Other causes include tooth decay and gum disease. Broken or cracked teeth can be very painful. They can also lead to other problems such as infection and tooth loss. Symptoms include pain, sensitivity to temperature changes, and visible cracks or breaks in the teeth. Do not wait to see a dentist if you have broken or cracked teeth. The sooner you get treatment, the better.

Receding gums

Receding gums include the exposure of the roots of your teeth. It can be a sign of gum disease. Other causes include genetics, brushing your teeth too hard, and aging. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also cause receding gums. Also, smoking and high blood pressure can contribute to this problem. Receding gums can lead to other problems such as tooth sensitivity and tooth loss.

Root infection

This falls among the most severe dental challenges. A root infection manifests when the pulp of the tooth, which contains nerves and blood vessels, becomes infected. The infection is usually caused by tooth decay or a crack in the tooth. Symptoms include pain, sensitivity to temperature changes, and visible cracks or breaks in the teeth. Don’t wait to see a dentist if you have these symptoms. Root canal therapy is usually the only way to save an infected tooth.

Dental abscess

A dental abscess is a pus-filled pocket that forms on the gums, teeth, or jawbone. It is caused by bacteria that enter the body through a crack in the tooth or gum. An abscess can be very painful, and if left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems such as infection and tissue damage. Symptoms include pain, swelling, fever, and drainage from the abscess. Seek dental treatment immediately if you think you have an abscess.

Cavities

Cavities are caused by tooth decay, which is bacteria’s breakdown of the tooth enamel. It can be very painful, and if left untreated, they can lead to serious health problems such as infection and tooth loss. Symptoms include pain, sensitivity to temperature changes, and visible holes in the teeth. Cavities can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting the dentist regularly.

Pericoronitis

Also known as wisdom tooth impaction, pericoronitis, one of the common dental problems, is the inflammation of the gums around the wisdom teeth. It is caused by food and bacteria getting trapped in the wisdom teeth. Pericoronitis can be very painful, and if left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems such as infection and tissue damage. Hence, seeing a dentist as soon as possible is vital if you think you have pericoronitis.ff

These are just some of the most common dental challenges that people experience. Despite their frequency, many of these problems can easily be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene. Be sure to brush and floss your teeth daily, and visit the dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.

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