Speech Therapy: What Is It?

Speech Therapy
These include articulation and language intervention activities depending on the type, or of speech.

Speech therapy may need to be provided for speech disorders in childhood and impairments in adults caused by injuries or illnesses, such as stroke.

Why Should You Seek Speech Therapy?

Speech therapy is a treatment option for many speech and language disorders.

Fluency Conditions. A fluency disorder is a condition that affects the flow, speed, and rhythm of speech. Stuttering is a sign of fluency. Someone with stuttering can have difficulty making a sound.

Acoustic Disorders. The blockage of airflow in the oral or nasal cavities can cause disruption or obstruction that alters the vibrations that control voice quality. This may also happen if your velopharyngeal valve doesn’t close properly. Resonance disorders often occur with a deformed palate, neurological diseases, and swollen toenails.

Receptive Conditions. A person suffering from receptive speech disorder has trouble understanding and processing others’ words. You might appear disinterested when others speak, have trouble following directions, and have a limited vocabulary. You may also experience other language disorders such as autism or hearing impairment. A head injury could also lead to a receptive disorder.

Expressive Disorders. Expressive language disorder is when you have difficulty communicating information. An expressive disease could cause trouble with sentence structure, including incorrect verb tenses. It’s often associated with developmental disorders such as Down syndrome, hearing loss, and other developmental impairments. It can also occur due to a head injury or a medical condition.

Cognitive-Communication Disorders. It can lead to memory issues, problem-solving, and difficulty with speech, or hearing. It could also be caused biologically by brain disorders, including abnormal brain development, certain neurological diseases, a stroke, or brain injury.

Aphasia. These are acquired communication disorders that can impact a person’s ability to understand and communicate with others. It often impairs the ability to read and communicate. Aphasia is most frequently caused by stroke. However, other mental disorders might also cause it.

Dysarthria. These are symptoms of slow or slurred speech caused by weakness in the muscles that allow for speech. It’s usually caused by disorders of the nervous system and conditions that cause paralysis (or throat and tongue weakness).

Speech Therapy For Children

Speech therapy can take place in a classroom, small-group, or one-on-1 setting, depending on the child’s speech disorder. Speech therapy activities and exercises can vary depending on your child’s needs, age, and disorder. SLPs are available to children for speech therapy.

Language intervention is a way to help stimulate language growth by allowing people to interact with each other through speaking and playing. Books, pictures, and other objects can be used as language intervention tools to stimulate language learning.

To teach children certain sounds and syllables, it is important to model the sounds and syllables correctly for them during age-appropriate activities

Discuss strategies and tasks with the child, parent, or caregiver about how to conduct speech therapy at your home.

Speech Therapy For Adults

Assessment is a key part of speech therapy for adults. The assessment will determine what your needs are and how to best treat them. Speech therapy for adults can improve speech, language, or cognitive-communication.

Therapy might also include retraining swallowing function for an injury or medical condition like Parkinson’s or dental cancer that has caused swallowing difficulty.

Exercises might include:

  • Problem solving, memory, and organization are just a few of the many activities that can be done to improve cognitive-communication.
  • Conversational tactics to improve social contact
  • For resonance, breathing exercises
  • Exercises for strengthening the oral muscles
  • There are many resources for speech therapy exercises at home.
  • Speech therapy apps
  • Language learning toys and games such as flashcards and flip cards
  • Workbooks

When Do You Require Speech Therapy For Your Condition?

The length of speech therapy a person requires depends on several factors.

  • Their age
  • Type and severity
  • The frequency of therapy
  • An underlying medical condition
  • Treatment for an underlying medical condition

Some speech disorders are present in childhood. Some continue through adulthood.

An improvement in communication disorder due to stroke or another medical condition is possible.

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