What are the different kinds of dyslexia?

What are the different kinds of dyslexia?

Experts have developed categories to classify numerous prevalent kinds of dyslexia together in order to improve treatment success. Understanding the various varieties of dyslexia will enable educators to build techniques tailored to the child’s requirements in order to give the best possible help.

Dyslexia is a condition that affects the way a person reads and writes. It can make it difficult for a dyslexic person to learn how to read easily and accurately. Because of this, schools for dyslexia offer specialized instruction to help students with dyslexia learn how to read effectively. The schools also help students with dyslexia develop strategies for reading and writing.

Diagnosis of phonological dyslexia

This is the sort of dyslexia that most people think of when they hear the term dyslexia. It addresses challenges in matching sounds to symbols and breaking down linguistic sounds. Individuals with phonological dyslexia have difficulty decoding or sounding out words. The most frequent kind of dyslexia is thought to be phonological dyslexia.

  • Difficulty understanding sounds created by letters/letter combinations
  • Difficulty sounding out unknown words
  • Difficulty spelling
  • Spelling the same word differently on the same page are all symptoms of phonological dyslexia.
  • Slow reading
  • Avoidance of reading activities
  • Difficulty identifying known words in unfamiliar circumstances

Dyslexia with rapid naming

Rapid naming dyslexia affects people who struggle to identify colors, numbers, and letters when presented with them. This kind of dyslexia may be related to both reading speed and reading processing speed. Individuals with quick naming dyslexia can identify colors, numbers, and letters, but it takes them significantly longer to come up with the proper word.

  • Difficulty recovering words
  • Frequently replacing words or leaving words out entirely
  • Slow to react verbally
  • Slower to finish reading or writing projects
  • Making up nonsensical words in lieu of genuine words
  • Using motions in place of words

Dyslexia with two deficits

A person suffering from double deficit dyslexia has difficulty with two aspects of reading. These two qualities often involve naming speed and recognizing word sounds. This kind of dyslexia is fairly rare and is a mix of quick naming and phonological; yet, it is often recognised as the most severe type of dyslexia. Slow naming speed when asked to recollect words is one of the symptoms of double deficit dyslexia.

Dyslexia on the Surface

A person with surface dyslexia may easily sound out new words but cannot identify known ones by sight. Experts think that in this scenario, the brain fails to identify what a word looks like in order to digest the word swiftly. This kind of dyslexia affects words that must be remembered because they do not sound how they are written, making them more difficult to sound out. Surface dyslexia is sometimes known as visual or dyseidetic dyslexia. It is not unusual for a person with dyslexia to have both phonological and surface dyslexia.

  • Difficulty with entire word recognition
  • Slow reading
  • Avoidance of reading activities
  • Difficulty with spelling
  • Difficulty reading words that don’t sound the way they’re written
  • Difficulty reading new words by sight

Dyslexia of Vision

Visual dyslexia occurs when a youngster fails to recall what they saw on a page. This kind of interferes with visual processing, causing the brain to get an incomplete image of what the eyes view. Visual dyslexia impairs the ability to learn to spell or form letters since both need the brain to recall the right letter sequence or shape, so interfering with the learning process.


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